14.2 Hybridization

Molecular Geometries

  • There are 2 theories that are used to understand molecular geometries:
    1. Valence bond theory (VBT)
      • VBT considers that atoms approach each other to form a molecule. The bond formed results from the overlap of atomic orbitals resulting in a bonding orbital with the electrons localized between two atoms.
      • This theory is also used to explain hybridization
    2. Molecular orbital theory (MOT)
      • MOT assumes that when atomic orbitals overlap, the overlap results in the formation of a new orbital called molecular orbital

Hybridization

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